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Urbani izziv Volume 25, No. 2, December 2014 : 90–106

UDK: 332.821:711.4(4-11)
DOI: 10.5379/urbani-izziv-en-2014-25-02-002

 

   Article in PDF format

 

Author

Sasha TSANKOVA

University of Calgary, Faculty of Environmental Design, Calgary, Canada
tsenkova@ucalgary.ca

 

Title

The housing policy nexus and people’s responses to housing challenges in post-communist cities

 

Abstract

This article explores major trends and patterns of change embedded in the overall process of economic, social and political transformation reshaping the urban challenges in eastern European cities. It reflects on important drivers of change such as efforts to create a market-based housing system and competitive housing markets in the post-communist urban world. The research draws much-needed attention to an important set of urban and housing policy issues with broad implications for understanding the transition process in the region. It explores the multi-layered processes of market-based housing reforms (privatisation, deregulation and devolution) and their impact on the spatial transformation of urban housing markets in eastern European cities. The main argument, supported with empirical evidence from a number of eastern European cities, is that the impact of these most significant processes of urban change has created a mosaic of diverse urban challenges. Exploring these urban challenges through the housing lens sets the stage for a better understanding of urban social movements in eastern European cities and their dynamic realities. The article argues that the diverse role of urban social movements can be explained by reference to democratic traditions, practices and policy cultures in eastern European cities, and also to institutional structures and the capacity of non-market stakeholders. In some cases, stronger government and governance traditions since the political changes of the 1990s would allow non-government organisations to “voice” their concerns and be accepted as a legitimate partner in coalitions responding to urban challenges. In other cases, such capacity and institutional collaboration may be non-existent, leading to “exit” and abandonment of formal systems. In the first option, urban social movements have resurrected debates about gentrification and social segregation in housing estates and neighbourhoods previously insulated from the market, fighting for their “rights to the city”. In the latter option, individuals and organisations have resorted to informal solutions to growing housing inequalities, poverty and exclusion reflected in the massive growth of informal settlements and the illegality of urban construction.

 

Key Words

post-communist cities, housing policy, housing problems, individual and collective action

 

 

 

PUBLISHER

Urbanistični inštitut RS
Urbani izziv - Editorial Board
Trnovski pristan 2, 1000 Ljubljana, SLO

  + 386 (0)1 420 13 10
  urbani.izziv@uirs.si

ISSN

Print edition: 0353-6483
Web edition: 1855-8399

INDEX

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h5-index: 12
h5-median: 17
INDEX COPERNICUS
ICV 2018: 121,25
CLARIVATE ANALYTICS
Indeksirano v ESCI


SCOPUS ELSEVIER

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

1.2
2020CiteScore
 
84th percentile
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CiteScoreTracker (2021): 1.5

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