Search
en-USsl-SI

Urbani izziv Volume 20, No. 2, December 2009 : 115–128

UDK: 728.22:699.81(497.4)

 

   Article in PDF format

 

Author

Domen KUŠAR

University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture, Ljubljana, Slovenia
domen.kusar@fa.uni-lj.si

Vojko KILAR

University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture, Ljubljana, Slovenia
vojko.kilar@fa.uni-lj.si

 

Title

Statistical assessment of fire safety in multi-residential buildings in Slovenia

 

Abstract

Nearly a third of residential units in Slovenia are located in multi-residential buildings. The majority of such buildings were built after WW2, when the need for suitable accommodation buildings was at its peak. They were built using the construction possibilities and requirements of the time. Every year there are over 200 fires in these buildings, resulting in fatalities and vast material damage. Due to the great efforts over the past centuries, which were all mainly aimed at replacing combustible construction materials with non-combustible ones, and with advancements in fire service equipment and techniques, the number of fires and their scope has decreased significantly but they were not entirely put out. New and greater advances in the field of fire safety of multi-residential buildings became obvious within the last few years, when stricter regulations regarding the construction of such objects came into force. Developments in science and within the industry itself brought about several new solutions in improving the situation in this field, which has been confirmed by experiences from abroad. Unfortunately in Slovenia, the establishment of safety principles still depends mainly on an occupants’ perception, financial means, and at the same time, certain implementation procedures that are much more complicated due to new property ownership. With the aid of the statistical results from the 2002 Census and contemporary fire safety requirements, this article attempts to show the present-day situation of the problem at both the state and municipality level and will propose solutions to improve this situation. The authors established that not even one single older, multi-residential building meets complies with modern requirements. Fortunately, the situation is improved by the fact that most buildings in Slovenia are built from non-combustible materials (concrete, brick), which limit the spread of fire.

 

Key Words

fire, fire safety, multi-residential buildings, Slovenia

 

 

 

PUBLISHER

Urbanistični inštitut RS
Urbani izziv - Editorial Board
Trnovski pristan 2, 1000 Ljubljana, SLO

  + 386 (0)1 420 13 10
  urbani.izziv@uirs.si

ISSN

Print edition: 0353-6483
Web edition: 1855-8399

INDEX

GOOGLE SCHOLAR
h5-index: 12
h5-median: 17
INDEX COPERNICUS
ICV 2018: 121,25
CLARIVATE ANALYTICS
Indeksirano v ESCI


SCOPUS ELSEVIER

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

1.2
2020CiteScore
 
84th percentile
Powered by  Scopus

SNIP (2020): 0.48
CiteScoreTracker (2021): 1.5

Copyright 2021 by UIRS
Back To Top