Urbani izziv Volume 11, No. 1, June 2000
Leibniz Institute of Ecological and Regional Development, Dresden, Germany
From cities and towns to urban networks in Germany – intra regional competition versus regional co-operation and inter regional competitiveness
For many decades of the 20th century particular cities and towns were understood as integral parts of national and international urban systems. For many years the theory on central places and hierarchy of central places, first developed by Christaller and amended by Loesch, had a decisive influence on spatial research and regional development policies with guiding principles for urbanisation and the development of settlement patterns. However it is becoming ever more evident, that the planned effects of concepts for harmonising intra- and inter-regional differences were not reached. Moreover, inter-regional competition between neighbouring municipalities, as well as modern life styles and residential choices have caused the emergence of new settlement structures with dispersed spatial patterns and string functional ties. It is also true, that urban networking isn’t an easy task and that it inherently carries numerous obstacles.
Germany, inter-municipal co-operation, regional planning, Saxony, urban networks