Urbani izziv Volume 17, No. 1–2, December 2006
University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Social Sciences, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Modernisation of transport during the period of industrial urbanisation – a rich legacy or burden of trends in increasing mobility in Slovene cities
In the form of a review of separate phases of industrialisation and industrial urbanisation in Slovenia, the article presents the development of major transport vehicles and ensuing mobility patterns. The review begins with an analysis of transport modernisation from the mid nineteenth century, continues with the periods after the two World Wars and concludes with the period after independence – the post-industrial period. The benchmarks of transport modernisation in the industrial urbanisation period are the first railway lines, the electrical tramway in Ljubljana, introduction of motorised traffic and the domination of cars in urban traffic since the late sixties of the last century. In the analysis of transport modernisation we paid special attention to factors that in the industrial phase had the most profound influence on transfer from collective, public passenger transport to individual transport modes. We established that the specific pattern of industrial urbanisation in Slovenia significantly influenced the development of automobilism, which has become an undeniable element of Slovene cities. The conclusion brings a short assessment of extant links between mobility and dominant forms of transport in cities and an attempt at defining the key norms of future transport modernisation.
avtomobilsm, accessibility, individual/collective transport, vehicles, industrial urbanisation, industrialisation, mobility urbanity