Urbani izziv Volume 31, No. 1, June 2020
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Graduate School of Science Engineering and Technology, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turčija
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Architecture, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turčija
Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University, Faculty of Architecture, Istanbul, Turčija
Using the analytic hierarchy process to evaluate sustainability factors in watershed planning and management
With increasing population growth and economic development, water resources have faced environmental pollution and ecological deterioration. Sustainable watershed management and planning has emerged as an approach to address these problems. Following the international agreements on watershed protection, Turkey has initiated fundamental modifications in the watershed management and planning process. However, sustainable management of water resources involves various economic, social, and ecological dimensions, and it is not a straightforward process. This study ranks sustainability indicators in terms of their importance in water resource resilience. The analytic hierarchy process is utilized to weight the sustainability factors in planning water resources and watersheds. Considering the different opinions experts may have, two groups of respondents (i.e., i.e., academics and professionals) were chosen to evaluate the factors. The results showed degrees of correspondence and contradictions among the respondents’ perspectives. The groups were similar in prioritizing the social, management, and economic factors, whereas they showed considerable differences in evaluating the land use and ecological factors. The article shows that the conflicting views of various groups of experts should be identified and harmonized in order to develop an evaluation model for watershed and water basin plans.
watershed planning, sustainable water management, analytic hierarchy process, Turkey