Urbani izziv Volume 30, No. 2, December 2019 : 105-112

UDK: 911.375.1(497.711)
DOI: 10.5379/urbani-izziv-en-2019-30-02-004


   Article in PDF format



Gordana Kaplan

Eskisehir Technical University, Earth and Space Sciences Institute, Eskisehir, Turcija



Evaluating the roles of green and built-up areas in reducing a surface urban heat island using remote sensing data



Rapid urbanization has several negative effects on both the environment and human health. Urbanization has also become an important contributor to global warming. One of these effects is the urban heat island (UHI), which is caused by human activities and defined as the temperature difference between urban and surrounding rural areas. With rapid urbanization in the past few decades, Skopje has experienced remarkable UHI effects. To investigate the roles of built-up and green areas in a surface UHI, this article uses satellite data from Landsat ETM+ to analyse the land surface temperature and high-resolution Planet Scope DOVE data to analyse built-up and green areas. For geostatistical analyses, seventeen randomly selected subareas in Skopje were used. The results show a significant correlation between the UHI and built-up areas, and strong correlation between green areas and areas not affected by the UHI, indicating that the UHI effect can be significantly weakened with additional green areas. One of the significant findings in the study is the ideal proportion of built-up (40%) and green areas (60%), where the UHI effect is weak, or in some cases prevented. For future studies, investigating other factors that may contribute to the UHI phenomenon is suggested.


Key Words

surface urban heat island, remote sensing, satellite imagery, urbanization, land surface temperature






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