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Urbani izziv Volume 27, No. 2, December 2016 : 161–170

DOI: 10.5379/urbani-izziv-en-2016-27-02-007

 

   Article in PDF format

 

Author

Marina DE LA TORRE

University of Guanajuato, Architecture Department, Guanajuato, Mexico, De Lasalle Bajio University, Faculty of Architecture, León, Mexico
marinadlt8@hotmail.com

David NAVARRETE

University of Guanajuato, Architecture Department, Guanajuato, Mexico
davnav25@hotmail.com

 

Title

Inequality in heritage centres: Analysing the reality in Mexican cities

 

Abstract

Globalisation has had an impact in Mexican cities, creating new urban structures. Therefore, globalisation modifies the relationships that individuals establish with the territory through the construction of new citizenship practices. With a multidisciplinary approach, we develop a theoretical analysis that allows us to understand the new condition of Mexican historical centres caused by the challenges imposed by becoming a World Heritage Site. We apply a theoretical construct that allows us to portray certain aspects of reality in Mexican cities regarding the construction of democratic and participative practices of citizenship. We analyse this phenomenon based on two theoretical points of departure: a) the process of becoming a heritage site (i.e., tourism/gentrification) and b) the theory of social capital. The results show that the new situation implies a transformation in the space, time and economy of the heritage site. In the historical centre, the political actors and institutions promote centralist, transnational and urban conservationist development. An urbanism is created that prioritises conservation to the benefit of tourists and to the detriment of enjoyment, use and participation by the local population. Furthermore, there is an erosion of the social fabric through processes of exclusion and gentrification, which place citizenship in peril.

 

Key Words

heritage preservation, citizenship, gentrification, exclusions, historical centres

 

 

 

 

PUBLISHER

Urbanistični inštitut RS
Urbani izziv - Editorial Board
Trnovski pristan 2, 1000 Ljubljana, SLO

  + 386 (0)1 420 13 10
  urbani.izziv@uirs.si

ISSN

Print edition: 0353-6483
Web edition: 1855-8399

INDEX

GOOGLE SCHOLAR
h5-index: 12
h5-median: 17
INDEX COPERNICUS
ICV 2018: 121,25
CLARIVATE ANALYTICS
Indexed in ESCI


SCOPUS ELSEVIER

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

SNIP: 0,357 (Quartile: Q2)
CiteScore: 0,44

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